You can learn about number systems from elementary textbooks in math or digital electronics. Fang Chen wrote:
My confusion is I am not sure what a
"most significant bit" means when it
comes to two seeds, does it mean that two numbers
differ in their binary representation in only one bit?
Like 00 and 01 differ by one bit?
No. The rightmost bit is the *least* significant bit. The most significant bit is the leftmost in the binary representation:
00000000000000000000000000000000 and
10000000000000000000000000000000, or in hexadecimal:
0x00000000 and 0x80000000 |